[collection name]: Guiguzi downhill blue and white pot
[collection type]: porcelain
[collection introduction]: China is the hometown of porcelain, and porcelain is an important creation of the Chinese working people. The invention of porcelain is a great contribution of the Chinese nation to world civilization. In English, "China" is the same word as China, which is enough to prove the importance of porcelain in the world! Among them, blue and white porcelain, as one of the important inventions in the history of ceramic decoration, was created and burned in the Yuan Dynasty and prevailed in the Ming Dynasty.
The biggest feature of blue and white decoration is that the composition is plump, with many levels without disorder. The strokes are more common with one stroke, smooth and powerful; Outline rendering is strong and calm. The themes of theme decoration include characters, animals, plants, poetry and so on. Animals include dragon and Phoenix, unicorn, mandarin duck, swimming fish, etc. The dragon patterns painted are small head, thin neck, long body, three or four claws, ridge on the back, and scale patterns are mostly grid shaped, vigorous and fierce. During the Ming Dynasty, blue and white porcelain greatly changed the implicit and restrained style of traditional porcelain, giving people a concise pleasure with distinctive visual effects. With its heroic spirit and original artistic spirit, it pushed the blue and white painting art to the peak and established the prosperity and long-term prosperity of blue and white porcelain in future generations.
The pot has a plain bottom, a ring foot, a straight mouth, a short neck, a slightly thick lip, a smooth shoulder and a round abdomen, gradually extending below the shoulder, gradually retracting under the abdomen, and slightly skimming at the bottom; The whole type is decorated with blue and white patterns.
1. Materials: it is synthesized by "binary formula" of porcelain clay and kaolin. The fetal bone is white, slightly gray, heavy, dense and hard.2. Modeling: straight mouth and short neck, sliding shoulder and round abdomen, gradually retracting under the abdomen and slightly skimming to the bottom. This is made of segmented tire, and then bonded with tire mud. The surface of the bonding part is protruding, giving people a sense of unevenness. The connection mark of the outer wall is polished, but the connection mark of the inner wall is still clearly visible. The inner side of the neck of the utensil is slightly cut, the inner wall is not trimmed, and the connection mark of the bottom, abdomen and mouth in the utensil is obvious.3. Decoration: blue and white decoration is divided into four layers. The neck of the first layer is decorated with water ripple, the shoulder of the second layer is decorated with tangled peony, the abdomen of the third layer is decorated with the theme of "ghost millet going down the mountain", and the lower part of the fourth layer is painted with deformed lotus petal pattern, which is commonly known as "eight sizes". The theme picture describes the story of Guiguzi, Sun Bin's master, who went down the mountain to rescue the famous Qi generals Sun Bin and Dugu Chen besieged by the state of Yan at the repeated request of the state of Qi's envoy Su Dai. The whole blue and white patterns are colorful, the picture is full, dense, clear primary and secondary, and integrated. The characterization is smooth, natural and full of charm.
The production technology and painting techniques of blue and white in the Ming Dynasty are undoubtedly the top in the world. At the auction, the blue and white in the Ming Dynasty repeatedly sold at a sky high price due to the characteristics of rare inheritance, fine production and. Just in 2005, a porcelain pot of "ghost Valley down the mountain" sold at a sky high price of 15.688 million pounds (about 230 million yuan). This large pot of blue and white Guiguzi down the mountain in the Ming Dynasty has a good performance in terms of porcelain body texture and blue and white hair color, and the plot of the characters is lifelike and vivid. It has reached the level of perfection in tire making, painting and firing, and its value is inestimable.
Porcelain making in the Ming Dynasty is in a connecting period in the history of porcelain making in China. The symbol of this period is blue and white porcelain at that time. It is not only the transformation period of China's material history, but also the transformation period of China's decoration technology, but also a transformation of Chinese aesthetic consciousness and aesthetic standards. This Guiguzi downhill pot is a representative object in this period. It provides an important material basis for studying the relevant historical information in China's porcelain making and the politics, economy, culture, science and technology, national policy and aesthetics at that time. At the same time, as a large ceramic work of art in the Ming Dynasty, the pot of blue and white Guiguzi going down the mountain is irreplaceable at that time and in the future. It is not only China, but also an important spiritual wealth in the history of human development. In addition, with the passage of time, due to the fragility of porcelain, this perfect collection will become more and more precious!